Latin: Corylus americana
Other common names: american hazel, american hazelnut, filbert
Mature Height: American Hazelnut grows to a height of 8-12 feet and with a crown spread of 10 to 15 feet.
Soil / Climate: The species adapts well to a range of soil pH and types, but does best on well-drained loams. American hazelnut prefers full sun for best growth and development. Though it can grow and persist in partial shade, plant density and fruit production are greatly reduced.
Notes: American hazelnut is a small tree with an edible nut. It is a medium to fast growing species, that suckers moderately, eventually producing a multi-stemmed, clump appearance. American Hazelnut grows as a strong multi-stemmed shrub, with their edible nuts maturing in September-October. It is planted by wildlife enthusiasts to attract and keep game in an area. The nuts produced by American hazelnut are a mast of squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants and other animals. The male catkins are a food staple of ruffed grouse throughout the winter.