Latin: Carya illinoinensis
Other common names: Pecan, Northern Pecan
Mature Height: 40 ft.
Soil/Climate: zones 5 to 9, provided summers are also hot and humid. Generally, two or more trees of different cultivars must be present to pollinate each other. It is not as easy to transplant because of the long taproot it develops.
Notes: The nuts of the pecan are edible, with a rich, buttery flavor. Pecans are a good source of protein and unsaturated fats. They can be eaten fresh or used in cooking. One of the most common desserts is the pecan pie. The wood is also used in making furniture and wood flooring. Also makes a good shade tree.
Wildlife: The nuts are favored by squirrels, deer, raccoons, foxes, wild turkeys, wood ducks, crows, blue jays, and several other bird species.