How Ferns Reproduce

Ferns are vascular plants made of leafy branches. There are many different species of ferns around the world. They thrive in moist environments like tropical rainforests. Ferns vary in sizes and can be grown on the surface of ponds and on tree trunks. 


While most plants are reproduced through seeds, ferns are reproduced by spores . Spores are commonly found on non-flowering plants and are a form of sexual reproduction. A spore is a reproductive cell. Spores are located on the bottom side of the leaves. They look like small round patches in the color brown, yellow, or black. 

Once the spores germinate they start to grow into gametophytes through the process of mitosis. The gametophytes produce sperm and egg cells, then the plant is fertilized with water. After fertilization an adult fern will begin growing. 

In addition to sexual reproduction, ferns can also reproduce through asexual reproduction. 

Ferns can produce smaller ferns on the frond tips. These smaller plants begin to grow and then drop once they become heavier. After the baby fern has dropped it will root itself and is able to survive on its own. 


Ferns are a typically low maintenance plant. While they do require consistently moist soil, they can be grown in sunny and shady areas. 

At Cold Stream Farm in Michigan, we provide the highest quality of plants, trees and shrubs, as well as planting products.  

Cold Stream Farm is Michigan’s source for ferns, conifers, and other plants. Shop our full inventory online now or call us today at 231-464-5809 to learn more.