Latin: Ostrya virginiana
Other common names: hophornbeam, hop-hornbeam, ironwood, eastern hophornbeam, American hophornbeam, leverwood
Mature Height: 45 ft.
Soil / Climate: Adaptable to full sun to partial shade and in a soil that is dry to moist, but not wet. Can be slow growing.
Notes:The name hop-hornbeam comes from the fact that the clusters of flowers and fruit resemble the hops used to make beer. A hard nut is inside each pod. Fruit change from green to tan when they mature. The tree also earned the name ironwood from its tough, hard wood, which is used to make tool handles and fence posts.
Wildlife: The nut-like fruit is a favorite of birds such as ruffed grouse, deer and small animals. Chickadees like the Hophornbeam to nest in.