Latin: Myrica pensylvanica
Other common names: northern bayberry, bayberry, candle-berry
Mature Height/spread: 3-8 ft. Its growth habit is upright, with a rounded top and forms a fairly dense shrub. Its size varies. An average height is about 8 feet without pruning. Plants will develop a spread equal to their height. Minimal pruning will control it well.
Soil / Climate: This tough plant grows in coastal sand flats and tidal marshes from Maine to North Carolina. It is adaptable to a range of difficult landscape conditions including poor, sterile, sandy soils, swampy soil and heavy clay soils. Plant in full sun or part shade. Best in slightly acid soil. Can withstand coastal salt sprays.
Notes: Long, slender leaves with a few rounded teeth at the tip. Turns bronze or dark green in autumn. Small, waxy blue-grey fruit. Great for erosion control. Border shrub, foundation planting, erosion control/bank cover. As a landscape plant, Bayberry is excellent for massing, borders or combining with broadleaf evergreens. It responds well to a periodic pruning to keep it’s form.
Wildlife: Fruit is popular with turkey, ruffed grouse, bobwhite, pheasant, tree swallows, several varieties of woodpeckers, and many others. Makes excellent cover for wildlife due to its nearly evergreen nature.
Cold Stream Farm supplies Northern Bayberry shrubs which are grown as bare root seedlings and transplants and sold both wholesale and retail with no minimum order.